What Are Babies Covered in When They Are Born?

What are babies covered in when they are born? Vernix caseosa, a cheesy, white substance, covers the baby’s skin. This waterproof barrier is formed during the second trimester of the pregnancy, when sebaceous glands begin to produce it. It will protect the baby’s skin from external damage. If you have any questions, you can ask your doctor or midwife.

Vernix caseosa

Baby skin contains a layer of white cheese-like material known as the vernix caseosa. It develops while the baby is in the womb, and it may remain on the skin for several weeks after birth. This coating contains lipids and proteins, which make it slightly greasy and prevents the baby from pulling water out of the amniotic fluid.


The lanugo covering a newborn baby’s skin is a delicate layer of follicles that help the vernix, the white cheese-like substance, adhere to the skin of the fetus in the womb. It acts as a barrier between the growing baby’s body and the amniotic fluid. As the baby moves, tiny hairs in the lanugo trigger vibrations that activate sensory receptors in the amniotic fluid. These nerve endings activate hormones which help stimulate the growth of the baby’s skin. As the fetus approaches the last month, this lanugo sheds and the growth of the baby slows.

Amniotic fluid

Amniotic fluid is the protective liquid surrounding a baby before it is born. It keeps the baby warm and free of infection, cushions its movements in the womb, and helps regulate the temperature of the baby. However, when there is a lack of amniotic fluid, the baby will experience a variety of problems, including developmental issues. Amniotic fluid levels may be too low or too high in a pregnant woman, and it can result in complications during labor and delivery.


Meconium is what newborns are covered in during delivery. It is normal for newborns to be covered in meconium. As a result, they may need a tube in their windpipe to breathe properly. In some cases, meconium in the lungs can cause severe damage, such as inflammation or infection. Meconium can also lead to pneumothorax, a condition where a baby’s lung has collapsed or ruptured. This condition makes reinflation of the lung difficult.

Port wine stains

Port wine stains on babies are a common and often harmless birthmark that occur in about one in three newborns. These stains are caused by abnormal development of small blood vessels in the skin. They are usually flat, red and tend to get darker with age. Though most babies do not develop them, they can be caused by a variety of health problems. Here are the common causes, treatments, and how to prevent them from happening to your child.

Epstein’s pearls

When babies are born, their faces and palates are covered in tiny, yellow cysts known as Epstein’s pearls. The pearls typically disappear in a few weeks, but can persist for months. Because babies cannot feel them, they don’t require treatment and will go away on their own. Friction in the mouth helps them dissolve. In most cases, however, doctors recommend the removal of these pearls.


The process of molding a baby’s head involves applying pressure or binding cranial bones. It occurs in many cultures around the world, and is documented in a cross-cultural study of child care practices. The practice has important implications for medical personnel who are assessing children with dysmorphic crania. But the question remains: is head moulding harmful? If it is, what are the possible consequences? The following are some possible solutions.